How does foreclosure work?

Foreclosure is when the lender takes back property when the homeowner fails to make payments on a mortgage. Foreclosure processes differ by state. 

Typically, if you fall a few months behind on your mortgage payments, the foreclosure process may begin (although the process can begin earlier or later). Don’t wait for the foreclosure process to begin. Reach out for help as soon as you think you might have trouble paying your mortgage. 

The foreclosure process generally may proceed in one of these ways depending on your state: 

  • Judicial foreclosure. This requires that the process go through a court where the borrower can raise defenses.
  • Non-judicial foreclosure. This is done without filing a court action and is carried out by a series of steps, including required written notices under a “power of sale” clause in the mortgage or deed of trust.

Foreclosure processes require that the borrower(s) be notified regarding the

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Sedgwick County, KS Foreclosure Listings


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Honolulu, HI Foreclosures, New Foreclosure Listings & Bank Owned Homes for Sale

There are currently 17 foreclosures for sale in Honolulu at a median listing price of $575K. Some of these homes are “Hot Homes,” meaning they’re likely to sell quickly. Most homes for sale in Honolulu stay on the market for 108 days and receive 2 offers. Popular neighborhoods include Kakaako, Zone 1, Ala Moana, Salt Lake, Diamond Head, Downtown Honolulu, Waikiki, Aina Haina, Ward Village, Nuuanu, Makiki, Kalihi Valley, Kailua, Kalihi, and Lower Manoa. This map is refreshed with the newest listings in Honolulu every 15 minutes.

In the past month, 317 homes have been sold in Honolulu. In addition to houses in Honolulu, there were also 2193 condos, 1 townhouse, and 9 multi-family units for sale in Honolulu last month. Honolulu is a moderately walkable city in Honolulu County with a Walk Score of

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What Is a Foreclosure? | Millionacres

When homeowners stop making mortgage payments, their lenders don’t take kindly to it. And that’s how foreclosures come to be.

But what, exactly, is a foreclosure?

Foreclosure is the legal process by which a lender attempts to get a buyer to repay an outstanding mortgage balance after that borrower stops paying their monthly payments. A lender that hasn’t gotten paid can force the sale of a delinquent owner’s home to recoup its money. 

Foreclosure can be a miserable process for homeowners. But as a buyer, it can present an opportunity to snag a home on the cheap. 

How foreclosure works

The exact foreclosure process varies from state to state, but here are the basics.

First, a borrower falls behind on his or her mortgage payments. When that happens, a lender typically gives that borrower a chance to catch up in the form of a grace period. During that time, a

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The 6 Phases of a Foreclosure

What does foreclosure mean, exactly? In simple terms, the foreclosure process allows a lender to recover the amount owed on a defaulted loan by selling or taking ownership of the property. According to RealtyTrac’s U.S. Foreclosure Market Report, as of May 29, 2020, there were 330,105 properties in “some stage of foreclosure (default, auction or bank-owned)” in the United States, so it’s hardly an uncommon occurrence.

If you (or a loved one) are facing foreclosure, make sure you understand the process. While there is variation from state to state, there are normally six phases of a foreclosure procedure.

Key Takeaways

  • Foreclosure occurs when a lender seeks to seize your property as collateral for failure to pay your mortgage on time.
  • There are typically six phases in the foreclosure process and the exact steps vary state by state. 
  • Before a home is foreclosed on, owners are given 30 days
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Facing Foreclosure

You worked hard to save and purchase a home – but financial hardships can happen to anyone and now you’ve fallen behind so your lender has decided to foreclose. Your first step now should be to contact a HUD-approved housing counseling agency. Foreclosure is a process most lenders would like to avoid. There may be options available to you, and the earlier you see a housing counselor, the broader the range of those options.

HUD Foreclosure Counseling Outcome Study 
2 NeighborWorks® America: National Foreclosure Mitigation Counseling Program Evaluation (Final Report – Sep. 2014)

Be PREPARED. Not Scared.

Your HUD-Certified housing counselor can help you navigate the foreclosure process by opening up the lines of communication, and may be able to request additional time to review your situation and negotiate a resolution. Depending on your situation, you may be able to retain your home or reach an alternative

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Avoiding Foreclosure | / U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)

Avoiding Foreclosure


There are a number of programs to assist homeowners who are at risk of foreclosure and otherwise struggling with their monthly mortgage payments. The majority of these programs are administered through the U.S. Treasury Department and HUD. This page provides a summary of these various programs. Please continue reading in order to determine which program can best assist you.

Please read FHA’s brochure, “Save Your Home: Tips to Avoid Foreclosure,” also published in Spanish, Chinese and Vietnamese.

Making Home Affordable

The Making Home Affordable © (MHA) Program is a broad strategy to help homeowners avoid foreclosure, stabilize the country’s housing market, and improve the nation’s economy.

Homeowners can lower their monthly mortgage payments and get into more stable loans at today’s low rates. And for those homeowners for whom homeownership is no longer affordable or desirable, the program can provide a way out which avoids foreclosure. Additionally, in

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What Is Foreclosure? – Foreclosure Center

Learn the five stages of foreclosure: missed payments, public notice, pre-foreclosure, auction, and post-foreclosure.

Foreclosure is what happens when a homeowner fails to pay the mortgage.

More specifically, it’s a legal process by which the owner forfeits all rights to the property. If the owner can’t pay off the outstanding debt, or sell the property via short sale, the property then goes to a foreclosure auction. If the property doesn’t sell there, the lending institution takes possession of it.

To understand foreclosure, it helps to keep in mind that the word “homeowner” in this case is actually a misnomer. “Borrower” is a more apt term. That’s what a mortgage, or deed of trust, is: a loan agreement for the purchase price of the home, minus the down payment. This document puts a lien on the purchased property, making the loan a “secured loan.”

When a lender loans you money without

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Foreclosure Property: What Is It?

Foreclosure is the process of a lender seizing and selling a property to a new buyer when borrowers fail to make their mortgage payments as agreed. It enables the lender to recover at least some of the remaining mortgage balance.

The timeline and legal process for foreclosure can vary from state to state, but the end result is the same: The mortgage borrower loses their home. 

What Is a Foreclosure?

A mortgage forms a lien against property, giving lenders the legal right to move in and take ownership in the event that the borrower defaults. The lender will then almost invariably sell the property to recoup financial losses on the home after it takes control of it. Investors and consumers can purchase these homes, often at auctions or directly from the bank or government agency that owns them.

How Does Foreclosure Work?

Foreclosures typically occur because the homeowner

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Foreclosure | USAGov

Learn some of the basics about avoiding and handling foreclosures.

Temporary Mortgage Relief Due to Coronavirus Pandemic

In response to the coronavirus pandemic, under the CARES Act, the owners of single-family homes with federally-backed mortgages can get two types of financial help.

Eviction and Foreclosure Moratorium

An eviction and foreclosure moratorium that went into effect on March 18, 2020, has been extended again. It now continues until August 31, 2020. During that time, homeowners:


Mortgage Forbearance

Federally-backed home loans can get six months of mortgage help. Federal Housing Administration (FHA) reverse mortgages are eligible too.

If you’re having trouble making payments because of the coronavirus pandemic, your loan servicer must:

  • Defer or reduce your payments for six months if you contact your loan servicer to make arrangements

  • Give you another six months of mortgage relief at your request

  • Offer options for how you can make up the deferred or

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